Averna is a popular Italian bitter liqueur (classified as an amaro) that is still produced from the original 1868 recipe of natural ingredients. The herbs, roots, and citrus are allowed to infuse in the base liquor for two extended periods of time. What exactly is included in this herbal blend is a mystery (or secret) for the most part, but pomegranate and the essential oils of bitter lemons are included in the list.
The liqueur we know and love today as Averna began in the early 1800s. It is said to be a creation of the Benedictine monks of Abbazia Di Santo Spirito in the northern part of Italy. In 1868, the recipe was gifted to Salvatore Averna.
A textile merchant, Averna quickly took to producing the bitter. When his son Francesco took over after the turn of the century, the younger Averna proceeded to get the family spirit more attention and fame. It worked and despite the chaos of the two world wars, Averna soon became a household name in Italy.